The term Interior Design is a creative discipline used to describe the design and coordination of decorative elements to a particular space, serving a particular purpose. Not to be confused with Interior Decoration, which involves decorating an existing space - Interior Design refers to designing a particular space from the beginning.
There are 7 clearly defined areas of interior design, known as elements. These elements of interior design can be described as a designers ‘rule book’.
Let’s look at the elements in more detail!
Space - Rooms, corridors, stairs, halls, landings
Space is one of the most important elements of interior design and is defined by architecture. Space is the foundation on which the entire interior design plan is built. The architecture of a space is limited to walls, floor, ceiling, doors, windows and supporting beams and columns.
Colour - Paint, upholstery, textiles, wallcoverings, flooring
Colours don’t need any special introduction. Colours establish an aesthetic connection between objects and set the mood. They can be used to highlight single areas within a space or be used to cover an entire space. Each colour has three distinct characteristics - Hue, Value and Intensity. An interior designer must be well aware of these characteristics to perform various permutations and combination
Texture - Wallcoverings, flooring, finishes
Texture can be used to break up a monochrome room. By adding texture you add depth and interest. It can add a powerful, and subtle dimension to any room.
Object - Vases, accessories, art, sculpture
Objects can add personality to an interior and reflect the taste and interest of the owners. Although objects add personality to a space, they must still be chosen carefully to be in harmony with the rest of the interior.
Light - Windows, light wells, lighting fixtures
Lighting in interior design can really create the mood and ambience of a room as well as change the way colours and textures can be seen. Lighting can include natural light or artificial light.
Form - Volume, scale, finish
This refers to the outline or shape of furniture, objects or the space itself. It is important to achieve good form by getting right the proportions and scales of the room.
Furniture pieces can give interiors functionality as well as contribute to the overall style and feel. An interior designer needs to choose furniture that suits the needs of the client yet keeps in line with the overall design of the space.